Selling goods online to Norway – With or without VAT?
VAT on goods to Norway. What is the VAT if you ship goods to Norway? Are you going to invoice with Norwegian VAT if you sell things from your website based in the EU? How do you invoice to customers outside the EU? VAT on export to Norway?
“If I open a company, in this case the Netherlands, and I want to sell my products online from a website. What happens when I invoice a customer in Norway?, Should I invoice with VAT or without VAT?”
Norway is not included in the EU = Export outside the EU.
If shipped from Netherlands-> Norway, it is without VAT. This applies to both private individuals and business customers.
Accounting export of goods to Norway:
|Goods to non-EU countries account and VAT code||XXXX||1000|
How do you invoice this?
The person who receives the merchandise is required to pay the (import) VAT. Since the product is not sent to a customer in the Netherlands, it is not traded in your country of origin but outside the EU (at the location of the customer). Which means you will not add any dutch VAT on the sale.
If the value of the product is less than 350 NOK (including shipping and insurance), the customer will not pay import-VAT or customs duties in Norway at all.
Here you can calculate which VAT and customs duty to be paid for different goods when imported in Norway (paid by the Norwegian customer). It is usually 25% VAT but for food and non-alcoholic beverages, the import VAT will be 15%.
If you sell goods inside Norway for more than 50K NOK, you (the company) is required to register with the Norwegian Tax Agency. This is true if you have a COMPANY REGISTERED IN NORWAY. This limit does not apply to you who only have a business in the Netherlands and only exports to Norway. If the goods pass the border between your country and Norway, then the 50K rule does not apply. Or as the Norwegian Tax Authorities states:
“You refer to a registration limit similar to that in EU countries. In Norwegian VAT law, the rules are that if you have a taxable turnover that exceeds 50,000 NOK during a period of 12 months (not calendar year), then you need to register your business (Norwegian VAT law §2-1, first paragraph). If you do not have sales in Norway (export only), this registration requirement will not be triggered. ”
(this is a translation of a Norwegian text)
To justify why your invoice contains no VAT, write this on the invoice:
“Export of goods, article 146 Council Directive 2006/112 / EC”
You may also need to fill in the customs declarations that you attach to the package in a plastic pocket. Your national postal agency/freight forwarder can help you with these details. It is important that the price is shown directly on the package, enabling the Norwegian customs to easily calculate the import VAT for the recipient in Norway.
If you only export to Norway
There are a few different opinions and misleading information about what actually applies in this case. Some believe that you need a branch or other type of registration when selling goods to customers in Norway. This is not true.
In the case of EXPORTS ONLY (no real presence in Norway). In other words, you have no employees or people working for you on Norwegian soil. You do not have any activities on location in Norway. Or formulated differently:
Export of goods from a company in the Netherlands where the goods are shipped from the Netherlands to a Norwegian customer.
In this case, the rule is clear – you do not need to register for VAT in Norway (=No need for a Norwegian VAT number), you do not need to register a branch, you do not need to register your company in the Norwegian business directory (Brønnøysundregistrene),You do not need to register the company in the Central Coordinating Register for Legal Entities (Enhetsregistret) …and you do not need a Norwegian organization number. This applies both if you sell to Norwegian individuals or Norwegian companies.
Info from the Norwegian Tax Agency
Tax Office’s assessment
(this is a translation of a reply written originally in Norwegian)
The tax office assumes that the goods exported from the Netherlands do not entail registration duty in Norway for the Dutch company, but that the recipient (customers) in Norway must calculate import value added tax under the VAT Act (mval.) § 3-29.
The reason for our assessment and its reservations follows from the discussion below.
We will note that the statement is indicative and expresses only the opinion of the agency on the questions raised based on the facts presented. This means that the conclusion is not binding neither to the sender nor to the Tax Administration.
Tax Office’s remarks
Initially, VAT will be calculated on all sales of goods and services after mval. § 3-1, unless there are specific exceptions (in case of chapter 3) or exemption (in miscellaneous Chapters 6 and 7), cf. Mval. § 1-3, first paragraph, letters a to c.
The general rule on tax liability applies in the VAT area, cf. Mval. § 1-2. In mval. Section 1-2, second paragraph, defines the ‘value added tax’ as ‘the Norwegian mainland and all areas within the territorial boundary, but not Svalbard, Jan Mayen nor the Norwegian carriers’. The Netherlands is consequently outside the scope of the Norwegian VAT Act.
You refer to a registration limit similar what exists in EU countries. In the Norwegian VAT act, the rules are that if you have a taxable turnover that exceeds 50,000 NOK during a period of 12 months (not calendar year), you must register (your business) in the VAT Register, cf. Mval. § 2-1 first paragraph. If you do not have sales in Norway (export only), this registration requirement will not be triggered.
The receiver of the goods, ie. Norwegian customers, however, shall calculate value added tax on imports of goods into value added tax, cf. MVA. § 3-29.The obligation to pay is only triggered when the goods physically arrive at the value-added tax area.
Mval. Section 4-11 states in the first paragraph the main rule for the calculation basis for value added tax on imports of goods. The calculation basis shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 7 of the Customs Act on the basis for calculation of customs duties. The general rule in the Customs Tariff Regimes is stated in tl. § 7-10 on the transaction value of the goods, ie the price actually paid or payable for the goods on sale for export to Norway, adjusted in consultation with the provisions of sections 7-17 and 7-18.
You are wondering whether the exporter must complete customs declaration or other documents when the goods are shipped to Norway. The exporter must provide an invoice/delivery note so that the freight forwarder (the post or private freight forwarder) sees the actual price of the item (the transaction value). In this way, the import value tax can be calculated correctly against the recipient in Norway. We assume that this is sufficient from the seller’s side. For the sake of completeness, we refer to the Customs Tariff website www.toll.no for the calculation of customs duties.
Mval. chapter 7 deals with goods for which value added tax shall not be calculated on importation. It follows from mval. Section 7-2, first paragraph, that value added tax shall not be calculated on imports of goods as mentioned in several provisions of the Customs Act Chapter 5, including the provision in § 5-9. The Customs Act 5-9 deals with goods of lesser value. The provision states that goods sent to Norway’s recipient are duty-free if the individual consignment has a value below 350 NOK including transport and insurance costs. Given that the above terms are met, it is therefore correct as you suggest that these goods are exempt from value added tax.